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The workshop, titled "Protection of Heritage and Geographic Origin" was held on Wednesday at The City Hall of Sombor. It was implemented within the 6th Weavers’ colony in Stapar.
The workshop was attended by 24 participants from Sombor, Novi Pazar, Sabac, Loznica, Inđija, Pancevo and Belgrade. The professional lecturers were Vesna Duskovic, retired museum adviser, Sasa Sreckovic, adviser to the Ethnographic Museum, as well as Dragana Tar and Aleksandra Markovic from SEEDEV, experts in the area of geographical tag. Speaking to them, representatives of women's associations and NGOs went through several important topics.
Participants were very interested in the area of geographic tag, i.e. the ways in which it occurs. They discussed the status of manufacturing organisations and craftsmen who produce products that are on the national list for cultural heritage, their status and what support they need in order to survive and be successful. They received advice on how to protect their handicrafts, which is especially important for craft associations.
On another topic, there has been talk of changes that have occurred since the staparski sully was included on the national list of intangible cultural heritage, the current state and possibilities of development. Through practical examples, participants learned about the support measures needed to sign up to the list.
The workshop was realized by Ethno Network and the City of Sombor, in cooperation with NALED, the Ministry of Culture and the Ethnographic Museum, with the support of the embassies of Canada and the USA.
Hand-woven belt is a universal, traditional Serbian belt worn on men’s and women’s national costume throughout Serbia. Primary role of the belt is functional as it serves to attach the lower parts of the costumes around the waist –in men’s costume, it is attached to the pants, and in women’s for certain types of skirts and aprons. In traditional Serbian beliefs, the belt has a symbolic and protective meaning – with its bright colors and decorative patterns, to provide protection against evil spirits as guardian of the human soul and spiritual leader.
Caps are hand-knitted with the traditional geometric or floral motifs which are taken from nature or folk costumes. The motifs are made by knitting or embroidered by hand on a knitted cap. Caps and head covers used to represent an essential part of a national costume as a decorative and protective garment and a prominent element of clothing. Caps and gloves are made as a set, with each piece also available separately. Contemporary design trends produced a baggy cap with refined floral embroidery and pearls, gladly worn by youth.
Ethno socks make an indispensable element of Serbian folklore with a variety of ornamental compositions and rich in colors. These socks stand for the traditions of Eastern Serbia where these used to be worn as part of the national dress of the region. Nowadays, antique stockings are scarce in rural communities of Eastern Serbia and few women retained the masterful skill of knitting these works of art with five needles
Embroidered pillowcases featuring floral and geometric motifs used to make an integral part of a girl’s dowry. The elements of refined embroidery on white fabrics exude high style and class in the interior decorated with hand embroidered pillowcases. Pillows can make a memorable business or personal gift of authentic label of origin and a message of warmth and elegance.
Case with the motif of a traditional Serbian hand-woven belt, it is a refined blend of tradition and modern times. Its striking design follows modern trends, making it an original part of your accessory. Protective padding safeguards your laptop and, according to popular beliefs, coloring with distinctive pattern protects the bearer.
Cellphone case is a practical, usable item with the motif of a traditional Serbian hand-woven belt, one of the most recognizable elements of Serbian folk tradition. Available in a variety of patterns, colors and textures, the case makes an eye-catching fashion accessory that safeguards your cell phone from damage.
Hand-knitted woolen socks are the most authentic elements of traditional heritage that reminds us of the warmth of the family home and that people still gladly wear nowadays. Ethno Network artisans knit modern models, both short and long, or more traditional ones with pins on the toes and heel. Hand-made to be elastic so they cover more sizes, made of soft cotton and wool so do they do not scratch. Knitter by skilled hands with braids or smooth, floral and geometric motifs, ethno socks make an excellent traditional gift.
Pillowcases featuring motifs of a Pirot rug or roses characteristic of Vlach heritage of Eastern Serbia, decorated with golden tassels, used to make an integral part of a girl’s dowry. The elements of gold and velvet with refined embroidery on fabrics exude high style and class in the interior decorated with such pillows. Pillowcases can make a memorable business or personal gift of authentic label of origin and a message of warmth and elegance.
Ties are usually made of silk thread in the technique of weaving and knitting, with a discreet motif of a traditional Serbian belt. Most ties are single-colored with the elegance in the texture and pattern of knitting or weaving. Hand-made ties follow current trends in business fashion and make an exclusive business gift that is gladly worn by men and women alike.
Small woven bags decorated with embroidered brightly colored motifs taken from the national costume, or embellished with silver and golden shaded elements of Byzantine architecture, lined with satin discreetly with tassels at the edges. Bags are matched with a shawl or scarf, with each piece available separately. Remarkably classy and elegant, hand-crafted to reflect refined style as perfect choice for special occasions and striking accessory.
Practical, usable item made by the motif of a traditional hand-woven belt as a distinctive element of Serbian tradition, with hand-made woolen strap and a „ball“ that serves as a close button. Most often used for wine or rakija for the host in ceremonial occasions – wedding, slava day and baptizing. It is very decorative and is made in several models and sizes, gladly worn by youth as a unique long strap bag.
Colorful bookmarks are usually hand embroidered with floral motifs or hand-woven on a loom, with a motif of traditional Serbian belt that used to be worn both by men and women on a national costume. Bookmarks come across as a practical and symbolic gift for all those who are still fond of book reading as a vanishing tradition.
Ethno Network holiday and greeting cards are made from the finest cardboard with patches of embroidery, gold embroidery, crocheting or weaving. Cards containing a bookmark or a coaster, bring good wishes and a gift for the recipient. Cards with lacy snowflakes can be framed and make a decorative accessory for home or office. Envelopes match the quality and texture of the material of the greeting card.
Slippers are made by rolling natural wool color white, grey and brown, while the decorative details are made combining different colors of wool. Ethno Network felt slippers are regarded as healthy shoes made of natural wool, which is warming your feet in winter and cooling them in summer time as natural wool prevents sweating and has a beneficial effect on rheumatism. All slippers are equipped with a rubber lining that prevents sliding and wetting. Available in all sizes and models.
So-called shepherd`s bag with the hand-woven turtle motif or recognizable geometric shapes from hand-woven kilims. Available in different sizes and colors, in traditional lines and with contemporary design. Suitable for laptops or weight carrying thanks to the durable strap embellished with woolen tassels on the edges and lined with satin on the inside.
Apron is a traditional item of clothing in women`s folk costume across all of Serbia. Worn over a skirt, made of different materials - homemade hemp cloth, cotton and silk cloth, wool, velvet. Woven woolen aprons were worn in combination with a vest usually made of black plush, with rich ornaments and stripes with woven ornaments, or floral motifs. Ethno network aprons, in addition to floral motifs, also have jovial messages seen in embroidered linen that used to be posted above the stove, often to praise the cook.
Alphabet was used as a ”beginner’s piece” (a sampler for needlework beginners) and a tool used to spread literacy among the population. The roots of gold-thread embroidery date back to Byzantium when gold and silver-thread embroidery was a privilege of the rich citizens and clergy. In the medieval Serbian state, court uniforms were made of silk and velvet with gold-thread embroidery. With time, ceremonial clothing of the citizenship was also adorned with golden embroidery. Framed Cyrillic alphabet is a refined symbol of Serbian history and culture.
Miniatures represent a fine form of geometric or floral motifs that can be delivered in various art techniques. Ethno Network miniatures are made by skilled artisans in near forgotten techniques as exhibits from the juried exhibition of miniatures called `100 women - 100 miniatures`. Miniatures come across as picturesque tales portraying different parts of Serbia, blurring the fine line between traditional and modern, art and craft, individual and collective, and reviving the spirit of fading traditions.
Round and square mats are made by hand-rubbing soap and warm water into natural wool. Historically, people used to make felted tents, mattresses, clothing, footwear, toys and decorative items that reflected family wealth and the number of sheep they possessed. Felting has existed in all nations, especially in mountain areas. In addition to flowers and geometry, motifs in felted mats are taken from the decorative shapes of the monastery of Hilandar.
Hand-woven pieces for the chairs and table are very practical details that add warmth to the business premises or home interior, as an authentic element of Serbian tradition depicted in motifs from authentic Pirot and Stapar kilims. Mats come in different designs, sizes and motifs so they can fit into any space. They are packed in boxes, individually or in a set of two or more.
Felt balls are considered to be the oldest toys that children used to make by hand-rolling animal hairs, usually with a desire to fill the time and entertain themselves while watching over cattle. Felt balls are made by Ethno Network by the traditional method of hand-rolling of wool and making balls of different sizes, with various designs, some containing rice in the middle that produce a pleasant rattling noise as the ball is rolling. It can be a Christmas tree ornament.
Coasters are hand-woven with intricate geometric designs. Available in a variety of designs and colors, different textures, with longer and shorter fringe, and most demanding ones make little pieces of art. They come packed separately or as a set of six pads and make a colorful detail in your office or home as a usable object – coaster under your mug.
Felt balls are considered to be the oldest toys that children used to make by hand-rolling animal hairs, usually with a desire to fill the time and entertain themselves while watching over cattle. Felt balls are made by Ethno Network by the traditional method of hand-rolling of wool and making balls of different sizes, with various designs, some containing rice in the middle that produce a pleasant rattling noise as the ball is rolling. Large balls are used as interior decoration and a unique gift with motifs of a sleeveless overcoat or Solomon’s knot.
Rugs with geometric patterns and animal motifs, and roses are inspired by famous Stapar kilims. They are made in the demanding technique of pattern weaving to provide warmth and refine your home or office space. Stapar kilims are next to those from Pirot (southern Serbia), the most distinguished, traditional Serbian kilims. They originate from the community of Stapar in Backa region, in the north-west of Vojvodina province, and the first ones were made in the 18th century. Weaving patterns and motifs changed with time, but Stapar kilims have kept their authenticity and uniqueness to this day and are recognized for prevailing floral motifs, mostly roses and bouqets and wreaths of flowers. In 2014 when Etno Network raised the initiative to preserve Stapar kilims, there was just one weaver left. Stapar kilims have been on the National list of intangible cultural heritage since 2016. Each pattern on a rug is a symbol and tthe unique feature of these kilims is that the both sides are identical, meaning the kilim has two upper sides. In addition to being traditionally made in bright colors, are woven by Ethno Network artisans in a monochrome version in naturally colored wool - black, brown and white.
Case with the motif of a traditional Serbian hand-woven belt, it is a refined accessory tailored to modern trends. Protective padding safeguards your laptop, with distinctive pattern making the case a practical and eye-catching accessory.
Tablecloths are commonly made of flax, hemp or cotton with floral and geometric motifs in embroidery. They are commonly decorated with lace-embroidered patterns along the sides, capturing the creativity and art of embroiders’ work. Embroidered tablecloths made an essential part of a bride’s dowry, and nowadays they bring warmth and playfulness to your home and contribute to the family and festive atmosphere.
Felted or hand-woven on a loom, with floral motifs or a pattern of a traditional Serbian belt, brightly-colored to protect the holder from evil-eye. Practically designed to accentuate your style as a fashion accessory matching your clothes or finders key ring slipped over the edge of your bag. Soft to touch, helps quickly dig out the keys on the bottom of the purse.
A useful item with a motif of traditional Serbian belt, bright colors and various patterns, to safeguard your documents and valuables when traveling. Hand-woven, with discreet tassels and satin aroung the edges. Practically designed for storing documents, as an indispensable part on your trips or daily routine as eye-catching accessory.
Contemporary designed, with a symbolic touch of the past and folk tradition. With its vibrant colors and decorative patterns, Serbian hand-woven belt in national customs keeps harm away from your home, office and you on the road, including your documents. It is a practical and effective everyday accessory.
Jelek is a short, sleeveless top garment, waist-length, worn over a shirt. It is made of black or white cloth, cotton fabric, plush or choj and decorated with golden embroidery, ribbons and cords. Buckle is placed under the breast to highlight the beauty of torso. Shorter jelek with longitudinal woven lines, with heart-like cut, is worn in summer. Ethno Network artisans make stylized version that represent a contemporary fashion piece in men`s and women`s clothing.
Ethno Network artisans knit ethno gloves of all kinds – five finger, mittens, fingerless, lacy and wrist length. Quite unique are men’s gloves from Eastern Serbia that have an embroidered ring on the ring finger and ball tassels on wrist strings to tie the gloves together. It is not so widely known that men once knitted work mittens with two thumbs, one on each side of the mitten - when it “wore out” on one side, they would turn the worn palm up and keep using the mitten.
Monogram is a framed letter of Cyrillic or Latin alphabet made in the technique or embroidery or gold embroidery on a traditional white cloth. Girls and women used to embroider flowers on handwoven fabric and garments as dowry for their wedding ceremony. Ethno Network monogram embroidered by hand and in gold thread come across as a refined detail and a personalized token of appreciation.
Seating cushions featuring stylized, hand-woven ornaments of Serbian kilims as a visual symbol of the country, blending craftsmanship with a unique form of storytelling. Geometric and vegetal patterns on the kilim are said to have magical meanings.
Hand embroidered ceremonial linen (aka towels) used to carry a symbolical feature in all ceremonial events. Towels were an essential part of a bride’s dowry, and the most beautiful and precious ones were given to significant guests as a symbol social status of an individual. As an everyday object, its most widespread function was wiping of body and covering dishes. Towels were decorated with floral motifs and woven or lace-embroidered patterns placed at the narrow side, capturing the delicate beauty of embroiders’ work. Nowadayds, towels are applicable in the modern interior (hotels, restaurants), which gives a special charm and tha ambience of warmth. They are delivered packed in a specially made folder with fine paper wrapping to emphasize the delicate embroridery.
Hand woven wraps with elements of Byzantine architecture and motifs dating back to Serbian royalty, represent the highly refined blend of modern and traditional apparel. The wraps are made of cotton and silk, exuding style and high elegance. They can be worn all year long, on business and festive occasions.
Hand-woven belts with distinctive geometric designs dating back to the courts of Serbian kings and with a braided cord to adjust the bandwidth, represent a refined blend of tradition and modern times. Discreetly designed with elements of silk and satin, combined with a lady\'s handbag, which follows the same line and motifs, they give an authentic touch to a modern business woman. Thanks to the ease of cotton and silk thread from which they are made, the belts come as universal accessories for all occasions and seasons, and can even be worn as a stylish tie.
Towels in gold-thread embroidery are usually made of hemp, flax, cotton and sometimes silk, hand-woven fabric and decorated with floral and geometric motifs that are emboridered in gold-thread and embellished with hand-made or file-lace. The most valuable towels are made in the technique of gold embroidery and antique motifs have copies that are now being kept in ethnographic collections in our museums. They exude sophistication and elegance. Towels are packed in a specially made folder with fine paper wrapping to emphasize the refined emboridery.
Serbian towels are usually made of hemp, flax, cotton, silk and woven fabrics. They are decorated with floral and geometric motifs that are embroridered in gold-thread and embellished with hand-made or file-lace. The most valuable towels are made with a combination of embroidery and gold-thread embroidery and have the motifs of the monastery Chilandar. Gold-thread embroidery adds special value to these pieces that glow with the style of royal Serbia. Towels are packed in a specially made folder with fine paper wrapping to emphasize the refined embroridery.
Round and square containers are made of red clay and with a decorative detail of traditional hand-woven belt stamped with the seal of Serbia. The round container is made on a potter\\\'s wheel while a square one is made in the plate technique. In semi-dry condition, the pots are rubbed with a spoon to get the high red shine and after drying, they are baked in special kilns at 850 degrees. Modeled on traditional pottery, modernized and used as a container for pens and stationery, or as a multi-purpose decorative item for your home or office. They are packed in a custom packaging that protects them from damage during delivery.
Šalovi protkani motivom tradicionalne srpske tkanice, predstavljaju rafiniran spoj naše tradicije i modernog vremena. Diskretno dizajnirani sa autentičnim motivom da stilski upotpune spoljašnost savremenog poslovne žene. Zahvaljujući lakoći pamuka i svile od kojeg su izrađeni, čine univerzalan deo asesoara za sve prilike i godišnja doba.
Felt shoes are made by rolling natural wool color white, grey and brown, while the decorative details are made combining different colors of wool. Ethno Network felt shoes are regarded as healthy shoes made of natural wool, which is warming your feet in winter and cooling them in summer time as natural wool prevents sweating and has a beneficial effect on rheumatism. All shoes are equipped with a rubber lining that prevents sliding and wetting. Available in all sizes and models.
Rugs with geometric patterns and motifs like a turtle, dove or rose, are inspired by famous Pirot kilims. They are made in the demanding technique of pattern weaving to provide warmth and refine your home or office space. Pirot kilims have been protected by geographical indication in 2002. Each pattern on a rug is a symbol and these pieces and the unique feature of these kilims is that the both sides are identical, meaning the kilim has two upper sides. In addition to being traditionally made in bright colors, are woven by Ethno Network artisans in a monochrome version in naturally colored wool - black, brown and white.
Rugs with geometric motifs and symbols of a turtle and bomb are inspired by famous Sjenica-Pester kilims. They are made in the demanding technique of pattern weaving to provide warmth and refine your home or office space. Each pattern on a rug is a symbol and tthe unique feature of these kilims is that the both sides are identical, meaning the kilim has two upper sides. In addition to being traditionally made in bright colors, are woven by Ethno Network artisans in a monochrome version in naturally colored wool - black, brown and white.
Animals made by felting wool come across as a unique toy gift for your little and big ones. They are made of natural wool in various dimensions and are completely safe for babies and children at any age. A great ecological toy that boosts imagination and creativity and helps preserve our environment.